Releasing the report, the Registrar General of India and Census Commissioner Dr. C. Chandramauli said the country’s population growth in 2011 is 17.64 per cent in comparison to 21.15 per cent in 2001.
Of the total population, 623.7 million are males and 586.5 million are females.
This is an increase of 181 million people since the last Census – nearly equivalent to the population of Brazil.
India’s population is now bigger than the combined population of USA, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Among the states and Union territories, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state with 199 million people and Lakshadweep the least populated at 64,429.
The combined population of Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra is bigger than that of the US.
While Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Puducherry has the highest population growth rate of about 55 percent, Nagaland has the lowest.
The density of population is highest in Delhi, followed by Chandigarh.
The report said Delhi’s north-east district has the highest population density as 37,346 persons live per square kilo metre while the lowest is in Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh with only one person per square kilo metre.
The report said that Jammu and Kashmir, Bihar and Gujarat show decline in sex ratio while 29 states show an increase.
The report further said that the literacy rate has gone up from 64.83 per cent in 2001 to 74.04 per cent in 2011 showing an increase of 9.21 per cent.
This is the 15th Census conducted since 1872. It was carried out in two phases, covering 640 districts and 5924 sub-districts. (ANI)
At 1.21 billion, India’s population is almost equal to the combined population of USA, Indonesia , Brazil, Pakistan ,Bangladesh and Japan .
This also means India has added another Brazil to its population in the last 10 years despite population growth slowing down.
Mainland China’s population is 1.35 billion.
Census 2011’s provisional data , released on Thursday, affirms the India growth story – population growth slowing down and the number of literates growing, especially female literates. The census is the sole data base in India that the government uses to formulate its policies.
The census also reaffirms another fact that the population is comprising 623.7 million males and 586.5 million females.
The2011 Census is the fifteenth census in the country and the seventh after independence.
The first census in India was held in 1872.The 2011 census exercise was started on April 1 with President Pratibha Patil being the first person to be enumerated.Census officials visited Sonia Gandhi’s residence at 10 Janpath in New Delhi and collected details.
Two and a half million census officials will be employed to ensure details of every Indian citizen appear in the 2011 Census, who will also seek information for the creation of the National Population Register (NPR).The mammoth exercise will be undertaken in two phases.
The exercise faces many challenges, which include coverage of a vast geographical area, widespread illiteracy and diverse cultures and languages.
The census, undertaken at the start of every decade, will also be the databank for building the National Population Register (NPR), based on biometric information and photos of all residents above 15 years of age.
India’s population grew at its slowest pace since independence in the decade to 2011, the government said on Thursday, a trend welcomed by some since it may lead to higher living standards and sounder public finances in a country with enough young people.
Unlike the advanced countries of the West or even Russia and China , where ageing or shrinking populations have sparked worries about the impact on economic growth, India has long sought to bring down population growth to a level it can handle.
There are reports that the nation’s population strength has been a drag on economic growth, with successive governments unable to find the schools, jobs or food productivity to match the demographic bulge.
The growth of 17.6 percent from 2001, the last time Indians were counted, compared with 21.5 percent in the previous decade, the preliminary census report said.”Reducing the growth rate is our objective. What we already have is a large youth population without enough schools or jobs for them,” said Abusaleh Shariff, chief economist at the National Council for Applied Economic Research .”It (the decline) reflects the desire of even poor people to educate their children and for a better life.
They know that having too many children will be counter-productive,” he said.India stands in contrast to neighbouring China, which faces the prospect of not having enough young people to support a fast-ageing population.
Beijing’s strict one-child policy has brought down annual population growth to under 1 percent and the rate is projected to turn negative in another three decades.India’s population is projected to overtake China’s by 2025 and its large youth population means it can look forward to a demographic dividend that includes ample supply of labour, rising productivity and plenty of younger workers to fund the pensions of those who have retired.
A decline in population growth means India’s national income may break out of the trend of increasing just ahead of population growth, potentially freeing millions of dollars the government now spends on welfare schemes.
The census report showed literacy had improved during the decade by 9.2 percentage points to 74 percent.
But the number of females per 1,000 males in the 0-6 age group fell to 914 from 927 during the past decade, pointing to the continued practice of selective abortions.
The census data will be used by governments to design welfare schemes and calculate what funds should be set aside for food and fuel subsidies.India will also use the census to issue a unique identification number to all its citizens and to target beneficiaries for welfare schemes, which it hopes will provide better access to such schemes and help it trim its subsidy bill.”In the long term, in terms of social-sector schemes, the burden on the government will be less.
That is the straightforward conclusion,” said NR Bhanumurthy, an economist at the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, referring to the slowing population growth.Report compiled from On line paper reports.