• Anders Breivik ‘took drugs before attack to make him strong‘
• Breivik lawyer says client ‘insane’ and ‘believes he is in a war’
• Shooter expected to be killed during Friday’s attacks
• Breivik ‘will take psychological tests or find a new lawyer’
• Breivik’s links with British far right revealed
• Police begin to formally identify 76 victims
20.41 Canada’s Global News has an interesting profile on the Knights Templar, the group that Breivik claims to be a member of.
The knights, who wore white tunics adorned with red crosses, played an important role in some major victories against Muslim forces. However, the Crusades started turning against the Europeans in the second half of the 13th century. Ultimately, the knights were forced out of the Holy Land and they returned to Western Europe.
Who are the Medieval knights embraced by the alleged mass murderer in #Norway? Click here to find out.
20.38 Anders Behring Breivik emailed his 1,500-page “manifesto” to 250 British contacts less than 90 minutes before he detonated a bomb in Oslo.
Scotland Yard’s domestic extremism unit, which is investigating Breivik’s British links, has been sent a list of UK-based email addresses among 1,003 recipients of the document.
Breivik joined online conversations with members of the Right-wing English Defence League, telling them to “keep up the good work” in the months before he killed 76 people in Norway’s worst terrorist outrage.
The Telegraph reports that he was told he would be welcome at EDL demonstrations, and wrote about visiting Bradford and London. He is also reported to have attended an EDL rally in Newcastle.
19.36 Anders Behrin Breivik was “surprised” he was able to carry on shooting students on Utoya island for 90 minutes before police eventually caught up with him, according to his solicitor, who has said he regarded his client as “insane”. Read Gordon Rayner and Duncan Gardham’s full account of the latest regarding the legal case in Norway.
19.23 Another survivor tale. Marianne Bremnes, who was in northern Norway at the time of the shootings, kept in touch with her 16-year-old daughter, Julie, as she hid under a rock in the water just off the shore of Utoya, via text message.
Here are some of the extracts:
17.42 Julie: Mummy, tell the police that they must hurry. People are dying here!
Marianne: I’m working on it, Julie. The police are coming. Dare you call me?
Julie: Tell the police that there is a mad man running around and shooting people.
Julie: They must hurry!
19.14 Herman Holmøy Heggertveit, an 18-year-old on Utoya island, has spoken of his quite extraordinary escape from death. He fled to a beach with a group of teenagers after hearing shots before seeing a figure he thought was a policeman coming to rescue him. He only escaped by jumping in the water.
When I saw his lack of interest I knew something was wrong, he seemed distant and uninterested in what I said,” he said.
His focus was in a totally different place, it was on us.
He seemed to be very calm and quite satisfied at having found us.
In the next second he raised his weapon and pointed it at some of the girls in the group.
19.11 Norwegian PM Jens Stolenberg is speaking to Robin Lustig on BBC World Tonight on Radio 4 at 10pm, in which he will discuss extreme nationalism and how to deal with it in the aftermath of the massacre.
#norway PM Jens Stoltenberg tells me will have to deal with extreme nationalism once mourning is over. Full interview @bbcworldtonight 10pmless than a minute ago via TweetDeck Favorite Retweet ReplyRobin Lustig
19.05 Twitter users are being urged to stop using the social media site for one minute on Friday in order to create an ‘Online One Minute Silence’ in honour of those who died in Norway. The planned mark of respect is being dubbed a “Twinute Silence”.
19.00 Polish officials have denied reports that a man had been detained in the country connected to Friday’s deadly attacks.
Earlier it was reported that Polish prosecutors had questioned an owner of a Polish fetilizer company, based in the southwest city of Wroclaw, about his contacts with Breivik. Polish authorities have now denied however that they had made any detentions or charged anybody.
18.50 The father of one of the first victims of the Norway massacre to be named by police said his son was full of love for people and for the outdoors – and his last words were “Dad, someone is shooting.” Norwegian police have released the names of the first four of at least 76 killed. The list included Gunnar Linaker, 23, from Bardu in northern Norway, who was killed by Anders Behring Breivik at the Labour Party youth camp on Utoya island. Gunnar’s father told Associated Press that his son was “a calm, big teddy bear with lots of humor and lots of love.” Mr Linaker said he had been on the phone with his son concerning another matter when the shooting started. “He said to me: ‘Dad, dad, someone is shooting,’ and then he hung up.”
18.33 Barack Obama, the US President, has extended his condolences over the massacre in Oslo during an unannounced trip to the Norwegian ambassador’s residence in Washington. Mr Obama wrote in a condolence book:
We are all heartbroken by the tragic loss of so many people particularly youth with the fullness of life ahead of them.
18.00 Europol says it is updating its database of extreme far right activities in Europe, following Friday’s shooting.
The agency set up an operations centre shortly after the twin attacks with around 50 experts in intelligence gathering, explosives and terror ready to give immediate advice and support to the Norwegian authorities.
17.41 Barack Obama and Joe Biden, the President and vice-president of the United States respectively, have visited the Norwegian embassyin Washington to offer their condolences, according to a White House spokesman.
17.36 The first four victims whose names have been released by the police are given as:
• Gunnar Linaker, a 23-year-old man from Bardu, killed in Utoya
• Tove Ashill Knutsen, a 56-year-old woman from Oslo, killed in the government quarter in Oslo
• Hanna M Orvik Endresen, an 61-year-old woman from Oslo, killed in the government quarter in Oslo
• Kai Hauge, a 32-year-old man from Oslo, killed in the government quarter in Oslo
17.25 Oslo florists report that they all sold out of flowers yesterday, as 100,000 or more people bought them for the rally in the city last night.
17.21 Photos of the young Anders Breivik have been surfacing. Here’s one of him when he was a teenager:
(Photo: ALLOVER NORWAY/REX FEATURES)
And another of him as a child:
17.18 Stephen Lennon, the head of the far-Right English Defence League, has said that while he does not condone Breivik’s rampage, “people have to listen” to the fact that “so many people are scared”:
People should look at what happened in Oslo and understand that there is growing anger in Europe. You suppress people’s rights, you suppress people’s voices and people will just continue to go underground – but that doesn’t make the problem go away.
17.12 Katharine Birbalsingh, our blogger and a former comprehensive school teacher, writes that Anders Breivik’s father has a lot to answer for:
Anders Breivik is not the only one to shirk responsibility. Jens Breivik says he does not “feel like his father”. Oh really? I wonder whether he felt like Anders’ father when he abandoned both him and his mother to marry another woman? I wonder whether he thought about his son’s peace of mind when he thought it best to move to Paris and then put his son through the ordeal of a custody battle where he and his new wife fought to take him from his mother and half-sister (his mother had a daughter when she married his father) and his homeland, in order to attempt to raise him in Paris? Anders was only one year old at the time his parents separated with his father treating him like some kind of football. Such traumatic events in a child’s life so early on can have life-long effects.
17.00 The Norwegian police are releasing the names of some of the dead on their website now (6pm Oslo time). However, the website (www.politi.no) seems to have crashed, possibly due to the volume of interest.
16.57 As well as Japanese culture, Breivik’s manifesto hailed the Indian Hindu nationalist movement Hindutva, according to The Hindu newspaper:
India figures in a remarkable 102 pages of the sprawling 1,518-page manifesto. Breivik’s manifesto says his Justiciar Knights “support the Sanatana Dharma movements and Indian nationalists in general.” In section 3.158 of the manifesto, he explains that Hindu nationalists “are suffering from the same persecution by the Indian cultural Marxists as their European cousins.”
Thanks to Liberal Conspiracy’s Sunny Hundal on Twitter for pointing that out.
16.51 Something I missed earlier in the rush: according to Geir Lippestad, Anders Behring Breivik is unaware of the impact of his attacks, and asked the lawyer how many people he killed:
He asked me if was if I was shocked and if I could explain to him what happened. He didn’t know if he had succeeded with his plan.
16.46 Breivik used online war games as “training”, according to his manifesto:
I just bought Modern Warfare 2, the game. It is probably the best military simulator out there and it’s one of the hottest. I see MW2 more as part of my training-simulation than anything else.
16.39 David Mac Dougall of AP reports that Anders Behring Breivikmay have had a second Twitter account – @S_Jorsalfare, seemingly a reference Sigmund Jolsefare, the 12th-century Norwegian king whose name he apparently used as an alias in onine forums.
His first, set up just days before the attacks, contained only one tweet, which misquoted John Stuart Mill: “One person with a belief is equal to the force of 100,000 who have only interests.”
16.23 The Polish chemist from whom Anders Behring Breivik bought bomb components says that the Norwegian appeared to be a normal businessman. Lukasz Mikus told AP:
Anders was only my customer but because of that I have a big mess. He was an absolutely normal customer with normal questions. There was nothing strange in his emails.
16.12 Oslo Cathedral surrounded by a sea of flowers, via Markus Karlsson of France24:
16.00 Tove Oevermo, Anders Behring Breivik’s stepmother, says that the killer was an apparently normal young man. She told AP:
He was just an ordinary Norwegian, a well-behaved boy. You can’t put all of this together really. I saw no sign of him being a person like he must have been. It’s really such a shock. He felt like a happy, normal child. We had a very good connection, and we liked being together, even when he was a small child. I got the impression he really
16.00 Tove Oevermo, Anders Behring Breivik’s stepmother, says that the killer was an apparently normal young man. She told AP:
He was just an ordinary Norwegian, a well-behaved boy. You can’t put all of this together really. I saw no sign of him being a person like he must have been. It’s really such a shock. He felt like a happy, normal child. We had a very good connection, and we liked being together, even when he was a small child. I got the impression she really liked me
15.52 Police reiterate that they can’t rule out Breivik’s claim that there are two other cells, but the main theory is still that he acted alone.5.42 The Norwegian Labour Party’s general secretary, Raymond Johansen, says Utoya will be used again for summer camps:
There will be a time for the close members of the families who lost loved ones to return to the island where they can mourn privately. This will not be a public ceremony but will help them with the grieving process. At a later date there will also be a memorial on the island in memory of those whose lives were taken so cruelly
The island should remain a venue for our summer camps as it is a symbol for the people – and what Breivik did to the island was an assault on democracy and freedom of expression. To close the island would make him – and not us – the victor.
People mourn at a memorial in front of Utoya island. (Photo: REUTERS)
15.36 The English language press conference has begun. The police are asked about the other “cells” in his “organisation”:
He mentioned them in his manifesto and he talked about them in his hearing. Naturally we will investigate them, but we cannot talk about them specifically now.
He says that the police seized Breivik within two minutes of arriving on the island: “We always want to do better, but it is difficult to see how we could do better in this case”. He says that Breivik’s thoughts are “very difficult to understand”, so the fact that Breivik expected the police to apprehend him more quickly is not of concern to them.
15.29 Searchlight, the anti-fascist magazine, says that Breivik called theEnglish Defence League a “blessing”, wished to attend its rallies, and may have posted on its websites. He was also apparently in touch with the Norwegian equivalent, the NDL, and used the pseudonym Sigurd Jorsalfare, after the 12th century King of Norway who led one of the Crusades. The posts which are believed to be him read:
Hello. To you all good English men and women, just wanted to say that you’re a blessing to all in Europe, in these dark times all of Europe are looking to you in surch of inspiration, courage and even hope that we might turn this evil trend with islamisation all across our continent. Well, just wanted to say keep up the good work it’s good to see others that care about their country and heritage.
i’ve seen with my own eyes what has happened to england, i was in bradford some years ago, me and a friend walked down to the football stadium of bradford, real ‘nice’ neighborhood, same thing in the suburbs of london. well thinking about taking a little trip over the sea and join you in a demo. would be nice with a norwegian flag alongside with union jack or the english flag, that is if a norwegian would be welcome offcourse?
In his manifesto, Breivik said he used the pseudonym, writing: “Everyone is using code names; mine is Sigurd (the Crusader).”
15.26 Here’s Geir Lippestad earlier saying that his client is most likely insane:
15.19 Is Breivik on suicide watch? And were the photos of him taken by professional photographers?
On the first question, in cases of this nature, I can confirm we have him on suicide watch. I don’t want to get into the second matter.
15.08 Now he’s answering questions in Norwegian. Here are a few:
• How many people are still missing?
Well, we have told you how we want to release names of the victims. We will also notify you about missing people and wounded people in the same manner. We want to make sure we have the quality assurance in place when it comes to releasing numbers here.
• There have been reports that there were two more buildings that had bombs.
There were many buildings checked out by the police, and we haven’t found any more explosives. But we can’t answer you specifically on many of the questions. When the suspect is interrogated next time, you will get more information. We are currently investigating what he said during previous investigations.
• You’re saying that you are going to release names this evening? Every day for how long?
How many we release depends on how many families we are able to notify today.
• The defence attorney had a press conference. Any comments?
We are at the moment looking at setting up a medical team to examine the suspect’s sanity.
15.00 The police spokesman is giving a statement. I’ve taken down the best transcript I could get of the BBC’s translation, but apparently they will be repeating the press conference in English shortly, so we may learn more.
• On identifying victims:
The work on identifying the victims is going on, and we have received some confirmed names. We have a process of notifying the families first before we release the names to you. There’s an ongoing process here and the victims are being identified by their local police district. The police understands that you are impatient when it comes to getting the names of the victims, but we have tio fuirst and foremost consider the families.
At 6pm Norwegian time, we will release the first names of the victims, on the website www.politi.no. We will publish the name, age and address of the victims. Every day, from now on, until we have complete list, we will send out a release at 6pm on our website, together with a press release.
• On the ongoing search for bodies and on the situation in Utoya and Oslo:
We have a couple of issues that we’d like to talk to you about. First, Utoya. It’s a very demanding investigative operation here. We have the most advanced technology at hand, and nothing will be left undone in this case. We will do everything we can to find all missing people. We are going through the area and gradually opening up the area as we finish the search. The main site will remain closed for at least two weeks.
In Oslo, the unarmed police will be present, the armed police have been withdrawn. We will do our best to show our presence to make sure the city centre is safe. But people should not be worried about going about their daily business. If anything chagnes we will notify you straight away. We would like people to return to normal and come back to the city centre; we saw a good example of that yesterday with the flower rally, with over 100,000 people yesterday.
• On the criticism over police helicopters:
Second, the police helicopters. This is an issue which has been taken out of context and blown out of all proportion. There is one helicopter which is dependent on weather conditions. I have talked to you about the capacity and we did use this one helicopter as part of the search. But our police helicopter does not have any capacity beyond that. It is normally stationed at Gardenam airport. The Oslo police and the government is looking into how we can improve this capacity, and there will be a hearing in the autumn. WE don’t want to take part in this debate any further.
• On criticism of the police:
Finally I’d like to say, generally speaking, this case is very demanding, and a big burden for all of us. Yesterday we said thank you to the public and to all those who were directly involved as victims. We said a big thank you to them. The dignity they showed during yesterday’s rally where we had over 100,000 people present was wonderful. We had a number of vigils, all carried out with much dignity. We don’t mind being criticised, but behind our uniforms is the average Norwegian citizen with feelings. We can take criticism but we are human beings underneath our uniforms.
14.51 The police are to give a press conference shortly in Oslo.
14.45 The Russian prime minister, Vladimir Putin, has moved to distance himself from Anders Behring Breivik after Breivik praised him in his manifesto. A spokesman for Putin said Breivik “was the devil incarnate” and went on:
He is absolutely insane and, no matter what he wrote or said, these are the ravings of a lunatic.
Breivik had called Putin “a fair and resolute leader worthy of respect”, adding: “I‘m unsure at this point whether he has the potential to be our best friend or our worst enemy,” noting that Putin would have no choice but “to openly condemn us at this point.
14.25 Norway is to be invited to join European Union talks on the threat from the far Right, according to Michele Cercone, a spokesman for the EU. Interior ministers from EU nations are to meet in September, and Norway – a non-EU nation – has been invited to attend, while radicalisation and xenophobia have been added to the agenda:
The idea is to invite Norwegian authorities for possible follow-up … so the ministers can share information on radicalisation, xenophobia. Compromise [on matters like restriction of sales of dangerous chemicals] is easier to reach after shocking events such as those in Norway
14.05 Speaking to Reuters, a Norwegian forensic psychiatrist, Yngve Ystad, has cast doubt on the idea that Anders Behring Breivik will be able to plead insanity:
In Norway you are not accountable for crime and getting sentenced to jail if you display a typical psychosis with hallucinations, delusional ideas or disturbances and this has been the case for a while.
I think it is very risky for me to make guesses in this case … but I think it is natural to expect that this man will be found to have been not psychotic and not unconscious at the moment of the crime.
He had planned the crime and he was not in that way disturbed by psychotic or delusional ideas because this has been going on for a very long time and, according to the press, he has not been disturbed or suffered severe disturbances.
13.53 A Dutch blogger says that Google Translate – the web service I’ve used several times in this blog to translate pages – might have been hacked, to make Breivik’s name appear as “refurbishment” or “renovation” in other European languages. Dirk Poot says that “all these translations give a very positive connotation to the name Breivik; in the light of his writings, even a darkly symbolic one”. He gives the following examples:
• Norwegian to German: breivik <> Sanierung
• Norwegian to Dutch: breivik <> renovatie
• Norwegian to English: breivik <> refurbishment
• Norwegian to French: breivik <> rénovation
• Norwegian to Spanish: breivik <> remodelación
On other translation services, including Bing, the word Breivik has no translation, and the Norwegian speaker in our office, Thore Haugstad, says that it is not a word he is aware of, although “brei” means “wide”. I’ve asked our tech desk for more information; they are extremely dubious that the Google Translate system can be hacked in this way, but have approached Google for a response. If anyone has any more information, do contact me at twitter.com/tomchivers or in the comments below.
13.46 Ketil B Stensrud tweets that a sonar vessel trawling the waters around Utoya island has found 10 “points” on the sea bottom, according to Norway’s TV2. Stensrud continues: “Whether these ‘points’ are in fact bodies remains to be seen, but the search has at least been intensifying over the last hours.”
13.41 And Raf Sanchez has filed a piece on Breivik’s expectation that he would be killed before he reached Utoya island:
Mr Lippestad said: “He thought that he would be killed after the bombing, during the action on the island and he also thought he would be killed at trial. He believes that someone will kill him.”
During interviews Breivik referred to “two cells in Norway, but several cells abroad” and said he thought more attacks would follow.
“He believes the other cells will continue the war. He looks upon himself as a warrior, and takes some kind of pride in starting this war,” the lawyer said.
13.35 Gordon Rayner, our chief reporter, writes that Anders Breivik took drugs to make himself ‘strong’ before shooting:
He said his client had taken drugs before going on the rampage “to be strong, efficient and awake” and was “sorry that he had to do this but it was necessary because he is in a war”.
Asked to describe Breivik, Mr Lippestad said he is “a very cold person” but “I can’t describe him because he is not like anyone else”.
13.15 Breivik may oppose the idea of pleading insanity, Lippestad goes on, because he thinks he is the “only one who understands the truth“.
13.05 Mr Lippestad also says that his client “seems to favour dictatorship, not democracy”.
13.00 Clarification: I wrote earlier that Mr Lippestad said that Breivik will take the insanity defence. In fact, Mr Lippestad said that it is too early to say whether he will do so, but says that his client will take psychological tests or, if he won’t take his advice, he can find a new lawyer. Mr Lippestad himself believes his client to be insane but says that it is a medical question.
12.48 Is Anders Behring Breivik insane? Dan Gardner, a columnist for the Ottawa Citizen and the author of Future Babble and Risk, says thateveryone has rushed to say so, because we hope only insane people could behave like this:
But notice that in the torrent of tweets and comments about the atrocity, this common theme is seldom interrogated. What do we mean when we say Breivik is insane?
He’ll surely be subjected to an intense psychological evaluation, and this may well reveal mental disorder, but to date there is little to suggest Breivik is anything but perfectly lucid. His own lawyer says he is aware that what he did is “atrocious” but he felt it was “necessary” to attack a ruling party dedicated to multiculturalism and launch a Christian crusade against the Islamic jihad that supposedly threatens Europe. Those are the words of a fanatic, not a madman.
12.40 Bruno Waterfield, one of our foreign correspondents, writes thata Dutchman who had played online computer games with Breivik had received emails containing photos of the Norwegian posing with guns. Joeren Rink told De Telegraaf:
We talked about politics on occasion and I thought he was pretty radical. When he heard I had voted for Geert Wilders – he sent me a link. I only opened it this weekend and looked at it properly. Shocking. It contained loads of pages with propaganda, films and photos, including him, with guns.
12.36 Here’s the full quote from Lippestad about Breivik expecting to die:
He thought he’d be killed after the bombing, after the action on the island, and he also thought he’d be killed at trial.
12.34 Further to Breivik’s claim that there are other “cells” in his “organisation”, a source close to the investigation has told Reuters:
We feel that the accused has fairly low credibility when it comes to this claim but none of us dare to be completely dismissive about it either.
12.23 Ed West, one of our bloggers, writes that the case of Anders Breivik shows how the internet pushes political views in extreme directions:
In his book Going to Extremes, Cass Sunstein noted that people’s peer groups could shift their political views in extreme directions, so that “social networks can operate as polarisation machines because they help to confirm and thus amplify people’s antecedent views”. In the age of the internet, where people can seek out like-minded souls across the world, this effect is amplified, the echo chamber impact of self-selecting peer groups driving some people to ever more extreme views.
12.15 That’s that from Lippestad, who seemed very uncomfortable. We’ll have some reaction to it shortly. First, here is a poignant picture gallery of the dead and the missing from Friday’s attacks:
12.12 Does he expect another attack? “He believes this is the start of a war that will go on for 60 years. But his mind is very… I won’t go on. He believes the other cells will continue the war. He looks upon himself as a warrior, and takes some kind of pride in starting this war.”
12.11 Did he surrender to police? Why? “I can confirm that he surrendered, but I don’t know yet why.” Has he had any sort of injury from being manhandled by police? “No, no injury.”
12.10 The other mooted cells are part of the “so-called Knights Templar movement”. How did he trigger the bomb? “It’s too complicated for me to answer.”
12.09 Why did he go to Britain? “It’s too early in the case, I don’t know.” How did he communicate with other cells? “I can’t comment, because I don’t know.”
12.08 Is the “manifesto” biographically accurate? “I don’t know.” He would like to be able to read some of it during his court case, but “whether he will be allowed to, I don’t know.”
12.07 “In his mind, he succeeded“, he says. “He expected to be stopped earlier in the day, for police to get to him at the time of the bombing. He was surprised to get to the island.”
12.06 Shouldn’t you tell him that you’re a member of the Labour party, since he has shown so much hate towards it? “He hates everyone who is democratic. Everyone who is not extreme, he will hate.”
12.05 Has he shown any empathy to the victims? “No. He’s sorry he had to do it, but he had to do it because he is in a war.” Lippestad hasn’t asked why Breivik picked him as a lawyer, and that he [Lippestad] was “in shock” to receive the call.
12.04 Is he a warm person, or a cold person? “My point of view is that he is a very cold person.” Is he psychotic? “I don’t know.”
12.03 Is it possible to get a fair trial, to find a jury of Norwegians who are not influenced? “No-one is not influenced, but it is my job to make sure the trial is fair”, says Lippestad.
12.02 Lippestad says his client should be in hospital, not in prison. “It will be a long court case”, he says, talking about how the insanity defence will go; it will take time to prove his client is insane. “The legal process is very important”, he says.
11.59 Interesting: Lippestad is a member of the Labour Party. He says that as far as he knows Breivik does not know that.
11.58 “If he doesn’t want to follow my advice he can get a new lawyer”, says Lippestad, who says that he will be offering an insanity defence. Breivik took drugs before his attack on Friday, he says, to stay strong and awake.
11.57 Lippestad won’t comment on whether he has received death threats since taking the case, saying that Norwegians are very “loving” people who believe in democracy.
11.56 “This whole case indicates that he is insane“, says Lippestad, asked whether Breivik has done anything in prison that would suggest he is insane. “He believes he is in a war, that nobody understands him, but that in 60 years we will all understand him.”
11.55 The main court hearing is normally public, but it is too early to say whether that will be the case here, says Lippestad.
11.54 “I can’t describe him, he’s not like anyone else”, says Lippestad, when asked what Breivik is like and whether he is polite. He says it’s too early to say what his defence will be.
11.52 Lippestad doesn’t know if Breivik is a suicide watch, and says it is a medical question whether he is a suicide risk. His family have not asked to see him and he has seen no-one.
Geir Lippestad, the defence lawyer for Anders Behring Breivik
11.51 “He believes he is in a war”, says Lippestad, explaining why he has admitted to carrying out the atrocities but still pleaded not guilty, “and in war you can do these things”.
11.48 “It’s too early to say anything about the case”, says Geir Lippestad, asked about witnesses. He says that he was disappointed that yesterday’s court hearing was closed.
Asked why Breivik looked tired, he says “He’s exhausted. He’s in a very special situation.” He is being questioned, he goes on, but only in normal daylight hours. He is co-operating with police.
“He has a view on reality which is very rare“, he says. He expected to be tortured by Norwegian police as a result of that view. He told the lawyer that he acted alone, but that there are other cells – so no-one from those cells helped him with this attack, if indeed they exist. Lippestad doesn’t know where the police uniform came from, or where the other purported cells are.
11.44 Breivik’s lawyer has said that his client expected to be killedon Friday, according to Channel 4’s Carl Dinnen.
11.39 Henning Mankell, the author of Wallander, writes in The Guardian that Breivik’s actions mark “a ghastly return of Übermensch mentality that was the mark of Hitler’s Nazism“, but warns Norway against a draconian response:
It may be impossible to completely defend oneself and one’s country against these actions, but we must try. We must defend the open society, because if we start locking our doors, if we let fear decide, the person who committed the act of terror will win. He will have injected fear into our community. As Franklin D Roosevelt put it: “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.”
11.20 “The long process of identifying Anders Behring Breivik’s victims begins“, writes Raf Sanchez, who has provided a list of the names known so far.
(Clockwise from top left) Hanne Kristine Fridtun, Tore Eikeland, Hanne Lovile and Rafal Yasin
11.12 The areas of Oslo that were closed after the bomb have now been reopened, according to Markus Karlsson, a Norwegian and the business editor of France24.com. People are walking around, inspecting the damage, he says. Meanwhile Michelle Shephard of the Toronto Star tweets that the scene outside the Oslo cathedral is “amazing to see: a street of flowers that just keeps coming”.
The manifesto makes it clear that the perpetrator is a madman. That the fight against Islam is violently abused by a psychopath is disgusting, a slap in the face of the global anti-Islamic movement. It fills me with disgust that the perpetrator refers to me and [Wilders’s political party] the Freedom Party [PVV] in his manifesto. Neither PVV nor I are responsible for a lone idiot who twists and violently abuses the freedom-loving anti-Islamisation ideals. We are democrats at heart. The Freedom Party has never called for violence and never will do.
10.45 Erik Hellsborn, a Swedish far-Right politician, has said in his blog that “multiculturalism, immigration and Islamisation are to blame” for Breivik’s actions.
What was it that really drove Behring Breivik? In the manifesto, he says very clearly: anxiety. Concern that multiculturalism and Islamisation threaten the Christian West’s existence. In a Norwegian Norway, where the Left’s preposterous dreams of a multicultural society had not taken root, this tragedy would never have happened. If there was no Islamisation and mass immigration, there would have been nothing to trigger Behring Breivik to do what he did.
The massacre in Norway may be the worst atrocity of Scandinavia since World War II, but this is no bolt from the blue. This is what multiculturalism is doing.
In a follow-up post, after he was accused of absolving Breivik of blame, Hellsborn said: “What has happened in Norway is terrible. Breivik is a loathsome human being. Breivik has the ultimate responsibility for what has happened. Anyone who believes that I think anything other than this is lying.”
10.23 The Norwegian justice minister, Knut Storberget, has praised the “fantastic” work carried out by the police in stopping Breivik, despite the hour and a half it took them to get to the island and arrest him:
I had the opportunity to thank police in Oslo and other districts and other organs for their fantastic work. These are people who worked much harder than you could expect of anyone, these are people who interrupted their holidays and who volunteered to help from all parts of the country.
10.20 In his rambling manifesto, Anders Behring Breivik praised Japan as a “model country”, according to the Japanese news agencyKyodo:
Breivik also commended Japan for not allowing many Muslims to immigrate, although the country has no ban on specific ethnic or religious groups.
Immigration is a sensitive topic in Japan, where many people worry that letting in more foreigners would mean more crime and less social cohesion while experts say that the country’s shrinking, ageing population make opening up vital.
10.16 John Bingham, our reporter, emails to say that the Norwegian Labour Party is going to announce the plan for the future of Utoya island at 1pm Oslo time (noon BST), in Oslo. Presumably some sort of major memorial is being planned, but whether the island will continue as a base for party youth is not clear. We’ll cover the announcement when it happens.
10.03 While we’re rounding up coverage from elsewhere, here’s Eugene Robinson in The Washington Post, talking about “Anders Behring Breivik and the influence industry of rage” – saying that anti-Muslim rhetoric in the press and blogosphere may have influenced Breivik:
In a 1,500-page screed setting out his philosophy, Breivik referred favorably to the work of several well-known anti-Muslim polemicists in the United States — zealots who usually boast of their influence but now, for some reason, seek to deny it…
[One blogger, Robert Spencer] responded that “the Breivik murders are being used to discredit all resistance to the global jihad and Islamic supremacism.” He sought to draw a parallel: “Charles Manson thought he heard instructions to kill in the Beatles song ‘Helter Skelter,’ and committed mass murder. There were no instructions to kill in the song.”
The comparison is absurd, of course. There’s nothing in “Helter Skelter” about Sharon Tate or any of Manson’s other victims; the angriest line is “You may be a lover but you ain’t no dancer.” Spencer’s oeuvre, by contrast, is all about how Muslims supposedly threaten all who love peace and freedom.
A Norwegian flag is held up amidst flowers as an estimated 100,000 people gather in Oslo town centre for a vigil following Friday’s attacks. (Photo: GETTY)
09.50 The Financial Times asks whether, under the shiny “model society” image of Scandin