The World renowned pharmaceutical Company, Pfizer implored dirty tricks to deny Nigeria a proper justice as the the nation challenged a medical bungle by the famous company in the court seeking for compensation and justice.
Cables said the drug giant hired investigators to find evidence of corruption on Nigerian attorney general to persuade him to drop legal action.
The revelation is another insight as to how the destiny of Nigeria is tossed with by Multinationals who bleed the nation at every will. The intention to resort to blackmail was to disallow justice taken place in the medical bungle.
Pfizer was sued by the Nigerian state and federal authorities, who claimed that children were harmed by a new antibiotic, Trovan, during the trial, which took place in the middle of a meningitis epidemic of unprecedented scale in Kano in the north of Nigeria in 1996.
Last year, the company came to a tentative settlement with the Kano state government which was to cost it $75m.
But the cable suggests that the US drug giant did not want to pay out to settle the two cases – one civil and one criminal – brought by the Nigerian federal government.
The world’s biggest pharmaceutical company however resorted to dirty tricks in an attempt to blackmail Nigeria Minister of justice to force him into surrendering justice in the case.
Pfizer hired investigators to unearth evidence of corruption against the Nigerian attorney general in order to persuade him to drop legal action over the controversial drug trial involving children with meningitis, according to a leaked US embassy cable.
The cable reports a meeting between Pfizer’s country manager, Enrico Liggeri, and US officials at the Abuja embassy on 9 April 2009.
It states: “According to Liggeri, Pfizer had hired investigators to uncover corruption links to federal attorney general Michael Aondoakaa to expose him and put pressure on him to drop the federal cases. He said Pfizer’s investigators were passing this information to local media.”
The cable, classified confidential by economic counsellor Robert Tansey, continues: “A series of damaging articles detailing Aondoakaa’s ‘alleged’ corruption ties were published in February and March.
Liggeri contended that Pfizer had much more damaging information on Aondoakaa and that Aondoakaa’s cronies were pressuring him to drop the suit for fear of further negative articles.”
The release of the Pfizer cable came as:
• The American ambassador to London denounced the leak of classified US embassy cables from around the world. In tomorrow’sGuardian Louis Susman writes: “This is not whistleblowing. There is nothing laudable about endangering innocent people. There is nothing brave about sabotaging the peaceful relations between nations on which our common security depends.”
• It emerged that Julian Assange had been transferred to the segregation unit in Wandsworth prison and had distanced WikiLeaks from cyber attacks on MasterCard, Visa, PayPal and other organisations.
• Other newly released cables revealed that China is losing patience with the failure of the Burmese regime to reform, and disclosed US fears that Europe will cave in to Serbian pressure to partition Kosovo.
While many thousands fell ill during the Kano epidemic, Pfizer’s doctors treated 200 children, half with Trovan and half with the best meningitis drug used in the US at the time, ceftriaxone. Five children died on Trovan and six on ceftriaxone, which for the company was a good result. But later it was claimed Pfizer did not have proper consent from parents to use an experimental drug on their children and there were questions over the documentation of the trial. Trovan was licensed for adults in Europe, but later withdrawn because of fears of liver toxicity.
The cable claims that Liggeri said Pfizer, which maintains the trial was well-conducted and any deaths were the direct result of the meningitis itself, was not happy about settling the Kano state cases, “but had come to the conclusion that the $75m figure was reasonable because the suits had been ongoing for many years costing Pfizer more than $15m a year in legal and investigative fees”.
In an earlier meeting on 2 April between two Pfizer lawyers, Joe Petrosinelli and Atiba Adams, Liggeri, the US ambassador and the economic section, it had been suggested that Pfizer owed the favourable outcome of the federal cases to former Nigerian head of state Yakubu Gowon.
He had interceded on Pfizer’s behalf with the Kano state governor, Mallam Ibrahim Shekarau – who directed that the state’s settlement demand should be reduced from $150m to $75m – and with the Nigerian president. “Adams reported that Gowon met with President Yar’Adua and convinced him to drop the two federal high court cases against Pfizer,” the cable says.
But five days later Liggeri, without the lawyers present, enlarged on the covert operation against Aondoakaa.
The cable says Liggeri went on to suggest that the lawsuits against Pfizer “were wholly political in nature”.
He alleged that Médecins sans Frontières, which was in the same hospital in Kano, “administered Trovan to other children during the 1996 meningitis epidemic and the Nigerian government has taken no action”.
MSF – which was the first to raise concerns about the trial – vehemently denies this. Jean-Hervé Bradol, former president of MSF France, said: “We have never worked with this family of antibiotic. We don’t use it for meningitis. That is the reason why we were shocked to see this trial in the hospital.”
There is no suggestion that the attorney general was swayed by the pressure. However, the dropping of the federal cases provoked suspicion in Nigeria. Last month, the Nigerian newspaper Next ran a story headlined, “Aondoakaa’s secret deal with Pfizer”.
The terms of the agreement that led to the withdrawal of the $6bn federal suit in October 2009 against Pfizer “remain unknown because of the nature of [the] deal brokered by … Mike Aondoakaa”, it said. Pfizer and the Nigerian authorities had signed a confidentiality agreement. “The withdrawal of the case, as well as the terms of settlement, is a highly guarded secret by the parties involved in the negotiation,” the article said.
Aondoakaa expressed astonishment at the claims in the US cable when approached by the Guardian. “I’m very surprised to see I became a subject, which is very shocking to me,” he said. “I was not aware of Pfizer looking into my past. For them to have done that is a very serious thing. I became a target of a multinational: you are supposed to have sympathy with me … If it is true, maybe I will take legal action.”
In a statement to the Guardian, Pfizer said: “The Trovan cases brought by both the federal government of Nigeria and Kano state were resolved in 2009 by mutual agreement. Pfizer negotiated the settlement with the federal government of Nigeria in good faith and its conduct in reaching that agreement was proper. Although Pfizer has not seen any documents from the US embassy in Nigeria regarding the federal government cases, the statements purportedly contained in such documents are completely false.
“As previously disclosed in Pfizer’s 10-Q filing in November 2009, per the agreement with the federal government, Nigeria dismissed its civil and criminal actions against the company. Pfizer denied any wrongdoing or liability in connection with the 1996 study. The company agreed to pay the legal fees and expenses incurred by the federal government associated with the Trovan litigation. Pursuant to the settlement, payment was made to the federal government’s counsel of record in the case, and there was no payment made to the federal government of Nigeria itself. As is common practice, the agreement was covered by a standard confidentiality clause agreed to by both parties.”
In anothe development, Police moved WikiLeaks Chief, Julian Assange to the segregation unit of a London jail for his safety, his lawyer said Friday as new cables showed the US suspects Myanmar has a secret nuclear programme.
The 39-year-old Australian has been moved from the main part of Wandsworth prison to an isolation unit, said Jennifer Robinson, a member of Assange’s legal team.
“The prison authorities are doing it for his own safety, presumably,” she told AFP.
Assange is due to appear in a London court for a second time on Tuesday after being arrested on a warrant issued by Sweden, where prosecutors want to question him about allegations of rape and sexual molestation made by two women.
WikiLeaks insists the allegations are politically motivated because the whistleblowing website has enraged Washington and governments around the world by releasing thousands of US diplomatic cables.
Robinson complained that Assange “does not get any recreation” in the prison and “has difficulties getting phone calls out… he is on his own.”
Assange, a former computer hacker, is not allowed to have a laptop computer in his cell, but his lawyers have requested one.
“Obviously we are trying to prepare a legal appeal and he has difficulties hand writing, so it would be much easier in order to assist us in the preparation if he had a laptop,” Robinson said.
She declined to elaborate on why he had difficulties writing.
Assange is in “very good” spirits but “frustrated” that he cannot answer the allegations that WikiLeaks was behind cyber attacks launched on credit card firms which have refused to do business with the website.
“He told me he is absolutely not involved and this is a deliberate attempt to conflate WikiLeaks, which is a publishing organisation, with hacking organisations which are not,” she said.
Assange is due to appear in a London court again next Tuesday, when his case will be argued by Geoffrey Robertson, a high-profile British-Australian human rights lawyer.
Assange’s mother said Friday she was worried for her son because “massive forces” were ranged against him.
Christine Assange, who lives in Queensland, dismissed the rape accusations against her son, but told Australia’s Seven Network that she was concerned about what will happen to him.
“Julian, rape, straight out of my guts — no way. Julian would not rape,” she said.
She added: “It’s a worry, of course. I am no different from any other mother. Every time the news goes on I am glued to it.
“These massive forces have decided they are going to stop him and they are not going to play by the rules.”
Cables released by WikiLeaks overnight Thursday showed Washington has suspected for years that Myanmar has a secret nuclear programme supported by North Korea, with witnesses reporting suspicious activity dating back to 2004.
One cable from the US embassy in Yangon, dated August of that year, quoted an unidentified source as saying he saw about 300 North Koreans working at an underground site.
“The North Koreans, aided by Burmese workers, are constructing a concrete-reinforced underground facility that is ‘500ft from the top of the cave to the top of the hill above’,” the cable said.
“The North Koreans are said to be assembling missiles of unknown origin,” it said, adding that the report alone should not be taken as definitive proof or evidence of sizeable North Korean military involvement with the Myanmar regime.
denied any liability.
Sources: Guardian,London and AFP